Recommended Books: With notes about excellent nonfiction books for non-scientists on Sustainability, Chaos & Complexity (systems studies), Animal Consciousness, Cosmology, Religion and Science, and Other Sciences
Sustainability: New economical thinking that could save the future.
Supply Shock:Economic Growth at the Crossroads and the Steady State Solution--Wildlife ecologist and conservation biologist Brian Czech takes us on a readable and essential tour of economics—its history, its foibles, and its coming salvation, what some have called a Full-Earth Economy, one that recognizes that limits to resources in a world with seven billion Homo sapiens.
For a concise summary and YA text of what's needed and why, I recommend Enough Is Enough: Building A Sustainable Economy In A World of Finite Resources by Rob Dietz and Dan O'Neill.
For evidence that economic growth now costs more than it is worth, even in providing jobs--Richard Heinberg's The End of Growth: Adapting To Our New Economic Reality.
David E. Stuart compares ancient cultural disaster in drought with our current tragedy of disparity between the rich and the poor in Anasazi America.
For a general overview of problems with classical economics, economics as a complex system, and the role of government, leaving the How of solving problems to citizens. Be sure to read The Gardens of Democracyby Eric Liu and Eric Hanauer, Seattle, WA: Sasquatch Books, 2011.
For tending the economic garden that has become overgrown, go to steadystate.org and see C.A.S.S.E.'s twelve steps to a no-growth economy--how to get over our obsession with growth and its cause, uncontrolled debt.
For the latter idea and a connection to complex systems, see Gaian Democracies by Roy Madron and John Jopling, Devon UK: Green Books Ltd., Schumacher Society Briefing #9, 2003.
Don't forget to stir into your reading Thomas L. Friedman's Hot, Flat and Crowded, New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2008 as a reminder that nothing can grow forever.
The moral implications of all this and a scathing critique of classical economics is beautifully covered by Herman E. Daly and John B. Cobb Jr. inFor The Common Good: Redirecting the Economy Toward Community, the Environment and A Sustainable Future, Boston: Beacon Press, 1994.
Eric D. Beinhocker's The Origin of Wealth, Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2006 covers such a critique and tells good stories that define economics as complex, giving us a huge bibliography and lots of useful notes. However, he fails to talk about how an overused planet is impacted, hugely, given the reality of economic complexity, with its tendency to do unpredictable amplification. Remember 2008.
Brown, Lester R. Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth. New York: W.W.Norton, 2001. (If you are depressed by numbers, read the third section first for inspiring examples of good things happening.)
Brown, Lester R. Plan B: Rescuing a Planet Under Stress and a Civilization in Trouble. New York, W.W.Norton, 2003.
Brown, Lester R., Project Director. State of the World (Yearly). A Worldwatch Institute Report on Progress Toward a Sustainable Society. New York: W.W.Norton & Co., 1998.
Daly, Herman. Beyond Growth: The Economics of Sustainable Development. Boston: Beacon Press, 1996.
Gelbspan, Ross. Boiling Point: How Politicians, Big Oil and Coal, Journalists, and Activists Have Fueled the Climate Crisis—and What We Can Do to Avert Disaster. New York: Basic Books, 2004.
Meyer, Aubrey. Contraction and Convergence: The Global Solution to Climate Change. Schumacher Briefing #5. Devon, UK: Green Books for the Schumacher Society, 2000.
Chaos and Complexity—Nonfiction For Non-scientists:
For an understanding of complexity, first read Per Bak's How Nature Works: The Science of Self-organized Criticality, New York, Springer-Verlag, 1996, then Thinking In Systems --A Primer by Donella Meadows,VT: Chelsea Green Publishing Company, 2008. The newest recommended primers I've found are Deep Simplicity, John Gribbin, New York: Random House, 2004 and Diversity and Complexity, Scott E. Page, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2011.
Bak, Per. How Nature Works: The Science of Self-Organized Criticality. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1996. (Essential reading. Enjoyable real-life examples, requirements for a good theory of complexity, and a clarifying statement on the confusion of terms in the popular press.)
Bossomaier, Terry R. J. and David G. Green. Complex Systems. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. (One of the most accessible technical book I’ve found. Requires some math background.)
Bossomaier, Terry R. J. and David G. Green. Patterns in the Sand: Computers, Complexity, and Everyday Life. Reading, MA: Helix Books, 1998.
* Briggs, John and F. David Peat. Seven Lessons of Chaos: Spiritual Wisdom from the Science of Change. New York: HarperCollins, 1999.
Buchanan, Mark. Nexus: The Groundbreaking Science of Networks. New York: W. W. Norton, 2002. (Especially relevant for the basic concepts governing the interdependent web of existence.)
Buchanan, Mark. Ubiquity: Why Catastrophes Happen. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2001.
Camazine, Scott, Jean-Louis Deneubourg, Nigel R. Franks, James Sneyd, Guy Theraulaz, Eric Bonabeau. Self-Organization in Biological Systems. Princeton University Press, 2001.
* Capra, Fritjof. The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems. New York: Doubleday, 1996.
Chaisson, Eric J.Cosmic Evolution: The Rise of Complexity in Nature. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2001. (Don’t miss this one. An overview of self-organization working with natural selection at all levels of nature, including the Big Bang.)
Coveney, Peter, and Roger Highfield. Frontiers of Complexity: The Search for Order in a Chaotic World. New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1995.
Crutchfield, James P., J. Doyne Farmer, Norman H. Packard and Robert Shaw. "Chaos." Scientific American. December 1986.
Ditto, William L., and Louis M. Pecora. "Mastering Chaos." Scientific American. August 1993: 78-84.
Field, Michael, and Martin Golubitsky. Symmetry in Chaos: A Search for Pattern in Mathematics, Art and Nature. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
Fisher, Len. The Perfect Swarm: The Science of Complexity in Everyday Life. New York: Basic Books, 2009.
Gell-Mann, Murray. "What is Complexity?" Complexity, Vol.1 No.1 (1995):16-19.
Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York: Penguin Books, 1987. This early book is useful, but beware the confusion between the words chaos and complexity.
Goldberger, Ary L. David R. Rigney and Bruce J. West. "Chaos and Fractals in Human Physiology." Scientific American, February 1990, pp. 43-50.
Gribbin, John. Deep Simplicity: Bringing Order to Chaos and Complexity. New York, Random House, 2004. (A must read: Finally the physicists are getting into the act and doing a great job of explaining with clarity the depth of information helpful in understanding complexity (networks and systems thinking) and why such understanding is essential, whatever your interests.
*Holland, John H. Emergence: From Chaos to Order. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1998. (Another favorite. Includes amazing demonstrations of emergence in simple games and networks.)
* Holland, John H. and Heather Mimnaugh. Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity. Reading, MA: Perseus Publishing, 1996.
Horgan, John. "Complexifying Freud." Scientific American, September 1995, p. 28.
Jensen, Roderick V. "Classical Chaos." American Scientist, Vol. 75, 3-4/87, pp. 168-181.
Kauffman, Stuart A. At Home in the Universe: The Search for the Laws of Self-Organization and Complexity. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. (An exciting review of Kauffman’s testable, mechanistic theory of evolution derived from genomic modeling.)
Kauffman, Stuart A. The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. (How self-organization works with natural selection in biology.)
Kellert, Stephen H. In the Wake of Chaos: Unpredictable Order in Dynamical Systems. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1993.
Laughlin, Robert B. A Different Universe: Reinventing Physics from the Bottom Down. New York, Basic Books, 2005. (Laughlin makes a convincing case for emergence in everything. A fun read with lots of one-liners and analogies from human society that are worth digging into your memory of undergraduate physics to make sense of.)
Lloyd, Seth. "Complexity Simplified, Review by." Scientific American, May 1996, p. 104.
Morowitz, Harold J. The Emergence of Everything: How the World Became Complex. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
Parker, Barry. Chaos in the Cosmos: The Stunning Complexity of the Universe. New York: Plenum Publishing Co., 1996. * Peitgen, H.O., and P.H. Richter. /i>The Beauty of Fractals: Images of Complex Dynamical Systems. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1986.
Prigogine, Ilya. From Being to Becoming: Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences. San Francisco: Freeman, 1980.
Prigogine, Ilya. The End of Certainty: Time, Chaos, and the New Laws of Nature. New York: Simon and Schuster Inc., 1996.
Prigogine, Ilya and Isabelle Stengers. Order Out of Chaos: Man’s New Dialogue with Nature. London: Heinemann, 1984. (The early classic on dissipative and adaptive systems that jump-started complexity studies.)
Ruelle, David. Chance and Chaos. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1991.
Solé, Ricard and Brian Goodwin. Signs of Life: How Complexity Pervades Biology. New York: Basic Books, 2000. (Another must read. A good update on modern biology, including a clear summary of two theoretical mechanisms for the origin of life.
Stewart, Ian Does God Play Dice? The New Mathematics of Chaos. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 2002.
Skyttner, Lars. General Systems Theory: Problems, Perspectives, Practice, Second Edition. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., 2005.
Thuan, Trinh Xuan. Chaos and Harmony: Perspectives on Scientific Revolutions of the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. (One of my favorite authors. A beautifully written overview.)
Thuan, Trinh Xuan. The Secret Melody: And Man Created the Universe. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. (Thuan’s even-handed review of cosmological theories for the non-scientist. What theory looks most likely?)
Ward, Peter D. and Donald Brownlee. Rare Earth: Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe. New York: Springer Verlag Copernicus, 2000. (Though size and probability, chemistry, and self-organization at all levels of complexity suggest that life arose independently throughout the universe, that life is most likely very small. Big animals may require rare special conditions to evolve. A good fun read.)
Williams, Garnett P. Chaos Theory Tamed. Washington D.C.: Joseph Henry Press, 1997. (Garnett emphasizes the importance of parameter values in generating chaos in nonlinear systems.)
Studies in Animal Consciousness, Including Humans:
Burns, Bob and Tasha D. Chapman and Donald C. Guthrie. Resilient Ministry: What Pastors Told Us About Surviving and Thriving. Illinois, InterVarsity Press, 2013.
Carroll, Sean B. Endless Forms Most Beautiful: Evo Devo and the Making of the Animal Kingdom. New York: W.W.Norton, 2005.
Crail, Ted. Apetalk and Whalespeak: The Quest for Interspecies Communication. Los Angeles, J.P.Tarcher, Inc., 1981.
Csànyi, Vilmos. Translated by Richard E. Quandt. If Dogs Could Talk: Exploring the Canine Mind. New York, North Point Press, 2005.
DeWaal, Frans. Good Natured: The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals. MA: Harvard University Press, 1996.
Friend, Tim. Animal Talk: Breaking the Codes of Animal Language. New York, Free Press, 2004.
Grandin, Temple and Catherine Johnson.Animals In Translation: Using the Mysteries of Autism to Decode Animal Behavior. New York, Scribner,2005.
Grandin, Temple and Richard Panek.The Autistic Brain:Thinking Across The SpectrumNew York, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt,2013.
Hughes, Howard C. Sensory Exotica: A World Beyond Human Experience. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1999.
Jonas, Doris and David Jonas. Other Senses Other Worlds. New York: Stein and Day, 1976.
Linden, Eugene. The Octopus and the Orangutan: New Tales of Animal Intrigue, Intelligence, and Ingenuity. New York: Penguin Group, 2002.
Masson, Jeffrey M. and Susan McCarthy. When Elephants Weep: The Emotional Lives of Animals. New York, Dell Publishing, 1995.
Patterson, Francine and Eugene Linden. The Education of Koko. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1981.
Peterson, Dale and Jane Goodall. Visions of Caliban. New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.k, 1993.
--"Making Sense of Modern Cosmology." Scientific American, January, 2001.
Bernstein, Jeremy. Cranks, Quarks, and the Cosmos. New York: Basic Books, 1993.
Cowen, Ron. "A Comet’s Odd Orbit Hints at Hidden Planet." Science News, April 7, 2001, p. 213.
Cowen, Ron. "From Here to Eternity: Tracking the Future of the Cosmos," Science News, Vol. 151, April 5, 1997. Pp. 208-209.
Davies, Paul. The Cosmic Blueprint. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1988.
Durham, Frank, and Robert D. Purrington. Frame of the Universe: A History of Physical Cosmology. New York: Columbia University Press, 1983.
Greene, Brian. The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory. New York: W.W.Norton, 1999.
(See also Laughlin, A Different Universe and Thuan, The Secret Melody, for three different takes on current cosmology.)
Gribbin, John. In The Beginning: The Birth of the Living Universe. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1993.
Gribbin, John. The Birth of Time: How Astronomers Measured the Age of the Universe. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.
Hawking, Stephen. A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes. New York: Bantam Books, 1988.
Hawking, Stephen, and Roger Penrose. The Nature of Space and Time. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995.
Krauss, Lawrence. Quintessence: The Mystery of Missing Mass in the Universe. New York: Basic Books, 2000.
Kaufmann III, William J. Black Holes and Warped Spacetime. San Francisco: W.H.Freeman and Company, 1979.
Peterson, I. "Tilted: Stable Earth, Chaotic Mars." Science News, Vol. 143, February 27, 1993, pp. 143f.
Rees, Martin. Just Six Numbers: The Deep Forces That Shape the Universe. New York: Basic Books, 2000. Ronan, Colin A. /i>The Natural History of the Universe: From the Big Bang to the End of Time. New York: Macmillan, 1991.
Thorne, Kip S. Black Holes and Time Warps: Einstein’s Outrageous Legacy. New York: W.W.Norton and Company, 1994.
Religion and Social Sciences Impacted by Complexity Studies
Armstrong, Karen. A History of God: The 4000-Year Quest of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. New York: Ballantine Books, 1993.
Armstrong, Karen. The Battle For God. New York: Ballantine Books, 2000.
Barbour, Ian G. Religion and Science: The Gifford Lectures. San Francisco: Harper, 1997. (This is the revised and expanded edition of Religion in an Age of Science, 1990, a comprehensive summary of scientific findings and how they relate to religious thinking, especially process theology. Recommended as a must read.
Barbour, Ian G. When Science Meets Religion: Enemies, Strangers, or Partners? San Francisco: Harper San Francisco, 2000. (An academic approach. Barbour does not highlight the role of science as a source of religious inspiration or awe and does not discuss the importance of distinguishing the sources of ones thinking and writing. I.e. is a statement falsifiable, empirical information or not?)
Barrow, John D. Between Inner Space and Outer Space: Essays on Science, Art and Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Briggs, John and F. David Peat. Turbulent Mirror: An Illustrated Guide to Chaos Theory and the Science of Wholeness. New York: Harper and Row, 1989.
Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de. Christianity and Evolution. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Inc., 1969.
Chardin, Pierre Teilhard de. Science and Christ. New York: Harper and Row, 1968.
Dowd, Michael. Thank God For Evolution: How the Marriage of Science and Religion Will Transform Your Life and Our World. San Francisco: Council Oak Books, 2007.
Ehrlich, Paul R. and Anne H. Ehrlich. Betrayal of Science and Reason: How Anti-Environmental Rhetoric Threatens Our Future. Washington D.C.: Island Press, 1996.
Feynman, Richard Phillips. The Meaning of It All. Reading, MA: Perseus Books Group, 1999.
Gregersen, Niels Henrik. From Complexity to Life: On the Emergence of Life and Meaning. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. (A thoughtful, accessible look at complexity, especially self-organization and theism.)
Hartshorne, Charles and William L. Reese. Philosophers Speak of God. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1953.
Jastrow, Rovert. God and the Astronomers. New York, W. W. Norton & Co., 2000.
Jeans, Sir James. Physics and Philosophy. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1942. (New York: Dover, 1981.)
Kauffman, Stuart A. Reinventing the Sacred. New York: Basic Books, 2008.
Kiel, L. Douglas and Euel Elliott. Chaos Theory in the Social Sciences: Foundations and Applications. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996. (An introduction and review of direct applications.)
Kung, Hans and David Tracy. Paradigm Change in Theology: A Symposium For the Future. New York: Crossroad Publishing Co., 1989.
Leslie, John. The End of the World: The Science and Ethics of Human Extinction. Routledge, 1996.
Mandelbrot, Benoit. The (Mis)Behavior of Markets: A Fractal View of Risk, Ruin and Reward. New YorK: Basic Books, 2004.
Peacocke, Arthur. Paths From Science Towards God: The End of All Our Exploring. Oxford: One World, 2001. (An in-depth look at modern science and how it impacts religion.)
Polkinghorne, John. Quarks, Chaos and Christianity: Questions to Science and Religion. New York: Crossroad, 1994. (An Anglican priest and physicist, Polkinghorne integrates his theology with complexity theory, then makes a leap to Christian doctrine.)
Polkinghorne, John. Faith, Science and Understanding. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2000. (More chaos theory and complexity in Christian theology.)
Raymo, Chet. Skeptics and True Believers: The Exhilarating Connection Between Science and Religion. New York: Walker and Company, 1998. (An entertaining, easy read, a good book for a lay discussion group on the general topic “Distinguishing Science and Religion.”)
Reese, William L. Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion. New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1980.
Ricard, Mattieu and Trinh Xuan Thuan. The Quantum and the Lotus: A Journey to the Frontiers Where Science and Buddhism Meet. New York: Three Rivers Press, 2001.
Russell, Robert John, Nancey Murphy and Arthur R. Peacocke Editors. Chaos and Complexity: Scientific Perspectives on Divine Action, second edition. Berkeley, CA: The Center for Theology and the Natural Sciences and Vatican City State: Vatican Observatory Publications, 1997. (Exploration of the Christian God acting in nature. Some confusion about the role of chaos in complex systems.)
Smith, Wilfred Cantwell. The Meaning and End of Religion. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1962.
Taylor, Barbara Brown. The Luminous Web: Essays on Science and Religion. Cambridge: Cowley Publications, 2000. (An Episcopal priest tells of her inspiration from chaos theory and complexity ideas and integrates them with her theology.)
Thompson, Mel. Philosophy of Religion. Chicago: NTC/Contemporary Publishing Company, 1997.
Van den Beukel, Anthony. The Physicists and God: The New Priests of Religion? N. Andover, MA: Genesis Publishing Co., 1995.
Waldrop, M. Mitchell. Complexity: The Emerging Science at the Edge of Order and Chaos. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992. (The story of how studies in complexity began at the Santa Fe Institute, or What happens when physicists and economists try to talk to each other)
Wheatley, Margaret J. Leadership and the New Science: Discovering Order in a Chaotic World. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 1999.
Note: Minimal but clear explanations of the new sciences are followed by practical advice on how to use the lessons learned in leadership and organizational management. Wheatley’s book suggests: complexity principles impacting how we organize. See the essay under "My Writings."
* Recommended Non-Fiction
--"In Search of the Elusive Megaplume." Discover. March, 1999, pp. 110-115.
Allègre, Claude. From Stone to Star: A View of Modern Geology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992.
Arthur, Wallace. Creatures of Accident: The Rise of the Animal Kingdom. New York: Farrar, Straus, and Giroux, 2006. Brockman, John. /i>The Third Culture: Beyond the Scientific Revolution. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1995.
Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1949.
Carroll, Sean B. Endless Forms Most Beautiful: The New Science of Evo Devo. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 2005
Casti, John L. "Confronting Science’s Logical Limits." Scientific American, October 1996, pp. 102-105.
Davies, Paul. The Mind of God. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1992.
Dawkins, Richard. Climbing Mount Improbable. New York, W.W.Norton & Co., 1996.
Dingus, Lowell and Timothy Rowe. The Mistaken Extinction: Dinosaur Evolution and the Origin of Birds. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1998. Duve, Christian de. /i>Vital Dust: The Origin and Evolution of Life on Earth. Basic Books, 1995.
Dyson, Freeman J. Infinite In All Directions. New York: Harper and Row, 1988.
Dyson, Freeman J. The Sun, the Genome, and the Internet. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Edelman, Gerald M. Bright Air, Brilliant Fire: On the Matter of the Mind. New York: Basic Books, 1992.
Eigen, Manfred. Steps Toward Life: A Perspective on Evolution. Oxford: Oxford Univesity Press, 1992.
Einstein, Albert. Relativity: The Special and General Theory. New York: Crown Publishers, 1961.
Gould, James L. and Carol Grant Gould. Life at the Edge. New York: W.H. Freeman and Company, 1989.
Gould, Stephen Jay. Hen’s Teeth and Horse’s Toes, New York, W. W. Norton & Co., 1983.
Gould, Stephen Jay. "Noneverlapping Magisteria," Natural History, 3/97, p. 16f.
Gross, Paul R., and Norman Levitt. Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994.
Gross, Paul R., Norman Levitt and Martin W. Lew, editors. The Flight From Science and Reason. New York: New York Academy of Sciences, 1997.
Harold, Franklin M. The Way of the Cell: Molecules, Organisms and the Order of Life. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Jastrow, Rovert. God and the Astronomers. New York, W. W. Norton & Co., 2000.
Jeans, Sir James. Physics and Philosophy. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1942. (New York: Dover, 1981.)
Krauss, Lawrence M. Beyond Star Trek: Physics From Alien Invasions to the End of Time. New York: Basic Books, 1997.
Krauss, Lawrence. The Physics of Star Trek. New York: Basic Books, 1995.
Kuhn, Thomas S. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1973.
Lederman, Leon, with Dick Teresi. The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Answer, What Is the Question? New York: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1993.
Leslie, John. The End of the World: The Science and Ethics of Human Extinction. Routledge, 1996
Nadeau, Robert and Menas Kafatos. The Non-local Universe: The new Physics and Matters of the Mind. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Newton, Roger G. The Truth of Science: Physical Theories and Reality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1997.
Paulos, John Allen. Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and Its Consequences. New York: Hill and Wang, 1988.
Piel, Gerard. The Age of Science: What Scientists Learned in the Twentieth Century. New York: Basic Books, 2001.
Pennock, Robert T. Tower of Babel: The Evidence Against the New Creationism. Cambridge, MA, The MIT Press, 1999.
Raloff, Janet. "The Human Numbers Crunch," Science News. June 22, 1999, pp. 396-397.
Rothman, Tony and George Sudarshan. Doubt and Certainty. Reading, MA: Perseus Books, 1998.
Sagan, Carl. The Demon-Haunted World: Science as a Candle in the Dark. New York: Random House, 1997.
Sagan, Carl. The Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence. New York: Random House, 1977.
Scott, Alwyn. Stairway to the Mind: The Controversial New Science of Consciousness. New York: Springer-Verlag, 1995.
Shermer, Michael. The Borderlands of Science: Where Sense Meets Nonsense. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Steeb, Willi-Hans, Yorick Hardy and Roedi Stoop. The Nonlinear Workbook, Fourth Edition. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., 2008.
Stewart, Ian. Why Beauty is Truth: A History of Symmetry. New York: Basic Books, 2007.
Strogatz, Steven. Sync: The Emerging Science of Spontaneous Order. New York: Hyperion Books, 2003.
Sullivan, Walter. We Are Not Alone: The Continuing Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence. New York: Dutton, 1993.
Taylor, Gordon Rattray. The Great Evolution Mystery. New York: Harper and Row, 1983.
* Ward, Peter D. and Donald Brownlee. Rare Earth: Why Complex Life is Uncommon in the Universe. New York: Springer Verlag Copernicus, 2000.
Wilber, Ken, editor. Quantum Questions: Mystical Writings of the World's Great Physicists. Boston: Shambhala, 2001.
Wilson, Edward O. Consilience: The Unity of Knowledge. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1998.
Wilson, Edward O. The Social Conquest of Earth. New York, W.W.Norton, 2012
Ziman, John. Real Science: What it is, and What it means. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.